Allow me to introduce myself! I am Sammy the Starfish and I am stuck on Safer Water!
For water dwelling folks like me, it’s wonderful that we live in a world so abundant with water, but for you land living fellows, water can be dangerous! Just like the my danger out of water cannot be totally eliminated, for you, the dangers in the water can never be totally eliminated, but we can make the water safer.
I am sure some of you are thinking, how can I make water safer? Well, just consider and follow the steps below and you too can be a star of Safer Water!
Step one is to identify a safety issue. Take a moment, find some nice wall to stick to and think about all the places water can be found around you. Oceans and pools to be sure, but also bath tubs, sinks, even buckets can provide a danger to some of you little humans. Once you can identify the risk, you can also take steps to minimize the danger.
Be sure to provide barriers, fences, and restricted access to the larger bodies of water. It is very important to stick to these rules. It is difficult to remain vigilant all the time. As someone can drown in as little as 5 minutes, limiting access to the water can mean the difference between life and death.
There is more to identifying dangers than simply recognizing areas of water that could pose a risk. You must also determine what risks are specific to that body of water.
As you can imagine, I spend a lot of time in the ocean, so I am well aware of rip tides, strong surf, and currents. Being familiar with how water can behave in the ocean is something every SwimKid should know. Did you know: The best way to deal with a rip tide is not to swim directly back to shore, but to swim parallel to the shore, gradually swimming diagonally back towards the beach?
Last but not least, let me bring up another star you should know; your water watcher or life guard! Always make sure to swim in a supervised area. As I said, not all of us are lucky enough to be a fish let alone also a star. Even the best swimmers are not free of the dangers of the water. Having someone educated in water safety on hand, watching the water and ready to help is an absolute must. But Safer Response is not really my area of expertise. For that, I will turn you over the the capable fins of Gilbert Guppy!
As always, I am Sammy Starfish reminding you that for Safer Water, look to the Star!
Winter is coming to a close, which means spring break is right around the corner! Going to the pool is always a great spring break activity, and these fun water games will boost the fun!
Swimming games are a fun way to get active in the pool, but it is important to stay safer in the water as well. Be aware of the swimming skills of each child involved and be sure to have at least 1 adult in the water for every 5 kids playing. Most games can be modified to accommodate less experience swimmers if you stay in a shallow area of the pool where they can touch the bottom. Pay close attention to the kids during these games, especially if they involve holding their breath! Remember, water can never be “safe,” only “safer.” Practice the Safer 3: safer water, safer kids, and safer response.
To keep children safer in the water, designate an adult “water watcher” to enforce swimming only in supervised areas and watch the children with no distractions until relieved by another adult. The water watcher should also know how to use the available rescue equipment and be prepared to call 911 if necessary.
Treasure Hunt – Put some money on a diving game by throwing spare change into the water. Let players dive for the coins. The winner could come out a bit richer!
Scavenger Hunt – Find pairs of items that will sink in the water and drop them into the pool. See who can find one of each item first!
Pirates – For this game, select an odd number of diving toys and toss them into the pool. The players are divided into two teams and whichever team comes back with the most pool toys wins!
Invisibottle – Fill a clear plastic water bottle with water and try to find it in the pool. You’ll be surprised how easily it camouflages!
Marco Polo – This is a classic swimming game known for having lots of cheaters, so make sure to keep everyone honest! One player closes their eyes in the pool and when he/she calls out “Marco,” the rest of the players have to call back “Polo!” Whoever is “it” has to try and find someone to tag and once they do, that person becomes “it”. Just remember, whoever is “it” has to keep their eyes closed and the rest of the players have to answer when he/she calls “Marco”. Don’t let the person who is “it” wander into any walls or the deep end!
Belly Flop Contest – An old classic and always good for a laugh! Just make sure the water is deep enough.
Handstand Contest – This game is simple. One player is the “judge” and the rest do an underwater handstand and see who can hold it the longest. The judge determines the winner. Just make sure nobody holds their breath too long!
Jump/Dive/Twist – This is best off of a diving board and should only be played in water 6 feet deep or greater. One player goes to the diving board and as soon as they are just about to jump, friends below yell either “jump,” “dive,” or “twist”. The diver then has to react quickly to be able to complete the correct action.
Cannonball contest – Need we say more? Again, just make sure the water is deep enough and go for the biggest splash!
Mermaid/ Dolphin/Submarine Races – A game with lots of names, just hold your breath and see who can swim the furthest. Just be careful that nobody holds their breath too long!
Sharks and Minnows – a swim team favorite, one player starts off as the “shark” and the rest of the players line up at one end of the pool. When the shark says “go,” the “minnows” try to swim past him/her to the other side of the pool. If a minnow is tagged, they become a shark until there are no minnows left!
Categories – One player stands outside of the pool, right at the edge, and names a category such as colors, breakfast cereal, etc. The rest of the players are in the water, lined up at the end of the pool and they each think of an item within the selected category. The person who is it turns around and starts listing items from that category (blue, red, green etc.). When the players in the water hear their selection called out, they have to try to swim to the other side of the pool as quickly and quietly as possible. If the person who is it hears them, they turn around, jump into the water, and try to catch them before they reach the other side of the pool. If they catch them, that player becomes “it”.
Dolphins and Sharks – Designate half of the players as dolphins and the other half as sharks. One end of the pool will be a “safe spot” for the dolphins, and the other end for the sharks. Have both teams start out in the middle of the pool and have a third party yell either “dolphins attack” or “sharks attack!”. Whoever is called has to try and tag as many players from the other team as they try to swim quickly back to their safe spot. The game ends when all of the players are on the same team.
Duck Push – This game is good for a laugh! Take a few floating rubber ducks and have players race to push them across the pool with their noses. Whoever’s duck makes it to the finish line first wins! This game is great for children who may not be the strongest swimmers. Just remember to stay close!
Chicken Fight – This game is better for teens or adults. Make sure to stay away from the sides of the pool so no one gets hurt! Create two-person teams where one person is on the bottom and the other sits on their shoulders. The goal is to knock the other team’s top person off of the bottom person. Be careful with this one, it can get crazy!
Greased Watermelon Football – This is just as fun to watch as it is to play! Grease a watermelon with Vaseline or something similar and throw it into a pool. Two teams duke it out to see who can get the watermelon out of the pool first. It is tricky to hang on to that watermelon!
Atomic whirlpool – This game works best with a large group of people. While in the water, run or walk as fast as you can around the outer edge of the pool. This will create a current that will gently carry everyone like a “whirlpool”.
Noodle Joust – Go medieval with this fun pool game! Every player can choose a mighty steed (pool floaty) and a soft pool noodle to have a joust. First player to knock the other off their floaty wins!
Bobbing heads – This game resembles the carnival game “Whack-A-Mole.” One player takes a soft object, like a pool noodle, and tries to tap other players on the head when they come up for air. The rest of the players are “safe” when they are underneath the water, but can be tapped when they bob their heads up. This game works great for kids who aren’t super strong swimmers, just stay where they can touch the pool floor!
Number Crunch – This game requires a little bit of preparation, but is very fun! Write numbers (for point values) on about 25 ping-pong balls and toss them around the pool. Have a race for teams to retrieve all the balls from the pool and put them into their team’s bucket. Here’s the catch, players can only get one ball at a time. Once all of the balls have been collected, teams add up their point total. Whichever team ends up with the highest point value wins!
Piranha Ball – 3 or more players hold hands to make a circle around a floating beach ball. The point of the game is you do NOT want to touch the ball or else you are out! Players can try to blow the ball or pull other players so that they touch the ball, but you can’t let the ball out of the circle! For larger groups, you can add more than one ball! This game is fun for kids who aren’t very strong swimmers as long as you stay where they can touch the bottom!
Popsicle – This fun game is like freeze tag in the water. One person is “it” and they try to tag and “freeze” all the other players until there is nobody left. Players can be “unfrozen” by another player swimming between their legs.
Octopus – If you’ve ever played Red Rover, you have a pretty good idea of how to play octopus. Players divide into two teams and each team joins hands. The teams take turns inviting another player from the opposing team to try and swim through their chain. If the swimmer makes it through, they get to bring a swimmer from that team back with them to their own team. If the swimmer doesn’t make it through, they switch to the opposing team. This game works well for younger swimmers if it is played in shallow water!
F-I-S-H – If you have a poolside basketball net, this game is for you! Players take turns trying to make a basket or a stunt shot. If they don’t make it, they get a letter. Once a player spells out “fish” they are out. The winner is the last player standing!
Rob the Nest – This game is similar to capture the flag. Have a couple of pool toys at the end of each side of the pool and divide into two teams. The first team to retrieve the items from the opposing team’s “nest” wins the game!
Did we miss your favorite pool game? Be sure to leave it in a comment below!
With spring break just around the corner, most kids are excited to get back into the pool. This excitement is natural, but in order to keep pools, oceans, and lakes a fun place, it is important to keep them safer. The reason we use the word, “safer” and not “safe” is because water is a hazard and is never entirely safe. While you may not have been swimming or even thinking about water over the winter, the hazards did not go away. However, these tips can help you and your family have fun and stay safer in and around the water this spring break.
Take a CPR class and/or swim lessons before you go. It is much better to know CPR and not have to use it than the alternative. Water can be unpredictable and it is always a good idea to be prepared for any scenario. Being prepared also entails teaching your child to swim. Formal swimming lessons reduce the risk of drowning by 88% among children ages 1-4. Babies can even start swimming lessons as young as 2 months old. While swimming lessons are never a guarantee, they can make a huge difference in protecting your child from water dangers.
With the spring and summer approaching, it’s time to start thinking about your little one swimming. Whether you swim indoors or outdoors, there are multiple hazards that can be unsafe for children. In the graphic below we show the different hazards and how to stay safe around them.
By Jannina M. Londono
SwimJim Lifeguard and Instructor-in-training
Love to swim but hate the effect the chlorine has on your hair? Well, now you can learn to protect your hair before, during and after swimming. Let’s start by explaining what chlorine is and why it’s in the pool to begin with. Chlorine is used as a water disinfectant, and without it, you wouldn’t want to swim in the pool to begin with! Chlorine helps keep the water safe and clean enough to swim in. Short, occasional exposures to chlorine won’t cause much damage to your hair, but overtime it can lead to dryness or change the tone of dyed hair.
Here are three basic tips that are absolutely FREE and can help you protect your hair!
Here are three products that you can use to increase the protection on your hair!
Don’t let chlorine damage get in the way of swimming! The damage is very preventable and treatable and we hope this tips will help you!
Many parents face a dilemma in the winter months: “to swim, or not to swim?”
Old wives tales concerning children’s health in the winter are often taken as fact. When it comes to telling the difference between heath basics and popular mythology, parents don’t always have all the right information. Dr. Norris Payne of Payne Pediatrics offers some facts to dispel these myths.
MYTH #1: Swimming, cold, and wind can cause ear infections.
FACT: Middle ear infections (otitis media), common in small children, are caused by viruses and infectious colds. Typically, fluids from the Eustachian tubes in the ear drain through the nose and throat. During illness, passages constrict and the fluid builds up and may become infected. Swimmer’s ear seems to be a combination of factors. Warm humid air, warm water, length of time exposed to water, the natural enzymatic activity in the ear canal and the presence of bacteria are factors that predispose the ear to swimmer’s ear.
MYTH #2: A clear, runny nose is not contagious.
FACT: A clear, runny nose does not necessarily indicate a lack of infection. On the other hand, a colored discharge does not necessarily mean infection. Other symptoms should be considered as well as the length of time the symptoms have been present.
MYTH #3: Going outside with wet hair will cause a cold.
FACT: Wet hair, icy temperatures, and exposed heads don’t cause colds. Only viruses do! Rhinovirus survives better from late spring through early fall, when humidity is high.
MYTH #4: Most colds are caught in the winter.
FACT: Don’t let the name fool you– most “colds” are caught in the spring and the fall. The virus which causes colds becomes largely dormant in the winter.
MYTH #5: Sudden changes in temperature or getting caught in the rain will cause colds.
FACT: If one becomes ill after experiencing these weather conditions, Dr. Payne believes the illness and the weather are just a coincidence. Viruses cause colds, not the weather. However, Dr. Payne does agree changes in weather conditions may cause allergies to flare up. Sneezing and runny noses lasting a few days are indications of an allergic reaction; colds last about 1-2 days.
Portions of this article have been reprinted with permission from Parentimes Magazine.
Parents of children with asthma may worry that their child will not get enough physical activity. Academic and scientific studies have shown that getting regular exercise and living a healthy lifestyle may help asthmatics keep their asthma under control.
Many have found that swimming provides them with an exercise option that enables them to stay active year-round. Swimming is considered low asthmogenicity, in other words, the risk of an asthma attack while swimming is lower than other forms of exercise.
Why is swimming a great option for people with asthma? The Asthma and Allergy Foundation recommends swimming because the warm, moist air found in indoor swimming environments may improve asthmatics ability to breathe during exercise. Dry, cold air can trigger an asthma attack, which can prevent exercise during the winter months.
Due to swimming’s emphasis on breath control, some studies have shown that swimming can increase lung volume in asthmatics, contributing to their overall fitness as well as teaching them beneficial breathing techniques. One study made by Wang Jeng-Shing from the Taipei Medical University indicated that a six week swimming class showed improvements in the symptoms of a group of 30 asthmatic children, aged seven through twelve. The positive effects of horizontal posture in the water has been tested but no results have as of yet been conclusive.
Though it is theorized that chlorine and sweat create a byproduct that may irritate the airway, studies conducted on the relationship between swimming and asthma have produced conflicting results. While it is also true that some studies have suggested that indoor swimming pools might increase children’s risk of childhood asthma, immunology specialist Matthew Rank, M.D. stresses that there is not enough clinical evidence to warrant keeping children away from indoor pools. Having a well-ventilated pool deck as well as rinsing off after each class can lower the risk.
One thing that can be agreed on is that aerobic fitness is beneficial for asthmatics and contributes to their overall health. Dr. Michael Goodman, an epidemiologist, pediatric physician, and teacher at Emory University, conducted a “meta study” wherein he reviewed 25 separate studies that dealt with the effects of indoor swimming on asthma.
“Parents should be worried about lack of exercise in children,” Dr. Goodman said. “This is by far one of the most important public health problems with children. So exercise is important, and exercise with asthmatics is important.”
I went into the Olympic Trials knowing that the top six finishers in the 100 and 200 freestyles make the team. All I had wanted was to slip into that sixth place spot and make the team. My first swim was the 200 freestyle and I let my nerves get the best of me and ended up adding three seconds. I was of course upset but that swim just made me all the more hungry to do well in the 100. I saw the 100 as a chance to redeem myself because I had invested way too much time and energy to let a small hiccup, like being nervous, stand in my way. The 100 freestyle at Trials was the most painful race I have ever swum, but it was also a race that I take the greatest pride in. After touching the wall and seeing that I came in fourth, I immediately began to bawl. I guess I was so emotional because I kept envisioning seeing a “6” next to my name and the “4” caught me by surprise. Not only that but I was also fulfilling a dream of mine. I felt like I was still in a dream until I actually arrived in the aquatics arena in London for the Games.
I loved how the US swim team trained together for 2 weeks; one week in Tennessee and the other in Vichy, France. That gave us a lot of time to bond and we all became really close. It was really fun to get to know everyone. The training was a lot of fun and we even had a lot of down time to just chill and be with each other, but all of the tapering was making me anxious and I could not wait to race. Honestly, I’ve never wanted to race so badly in my life. The good thing was that I was going to be swimming the first day of the Games. I was actually completely excited, not nervous. The Olympic Trials were so much more nerve wracking than the actual Olympics because at the Olympics, you’re already on the team. There isn’t any pressure to make the team anymore, your job was just to make sure you give it your all and out-swim the opposing countries.
One of my favorite things was obviously being on the relay. I was so thrilled to lead it off and to finally swim…at the Olympics! After the race was over all I wanted to do was to swim it again. When I was told that I’d be swimming on the night relay, I was over the moon ecstatic. It was such an honor to represent the country, in both the prelims and finals relays, and to stand on the podium was surreal. My other favorite thing was the Olympic Village; it’s amazing to see the best athletes in the world all in one place. It’s like a utopia of really fit people. Other things that made life seem perfect were the constant massages that we would get during training and at the Olympics, 24/7 dining hall, team uniform, becoming great friends with people on the team and learning from each other, and so much more. The experience was invaluable. I am so lucky to have experienced and be a part of something so amazing. People told me it would be an unforgettable experience and I’m here to say that I can vouch for that. It makes all the countless hours of swimming up and down the pool definitely all worth the while.
The term “gross motor” development refers to physical skills that use large body movements. In this context, gross means “large” as opposed to “fine” motor skills, such as gripping a pencil.
For children, every day is an opportunity to grow, master, and refine the many physical skills that we, as adults, no longer even think about. Strength, balance, and coordination must all be developed through repetition and intense periods of concentration to which children are naturally inclined. You have probably observed this behavior in your child: climbing on furniture, reaching up to pull items off the counter, jumping off the stairs– not always ideal in terms of safety. The best way we can facilitate this natural process is to provide rich and safe environments for children to explore their abilities and push the boundaries of their gross motor skills. Structured, stimulating classes (such as swimming!) provide a perfect outlet for their growing bodies to move!
Recent studies have indicated that our brains go through critical periods of development as we grow older. While these so called “windows of opportunity” do not slam shut at any certain age, they certainly narrow as we grow up. With regards to gross motor skills, the critical period of development seems to take place between the prenatal period and the age of five. These are the years in which experience is vital to laying the “foundation” of brain circuits connected to motor control. Where it was once understood that we were born with complete “wiring”, it is now the view that while we are born with certain fundamental circuits (for breathing, heartbeat, reflexes), the rest of the brain’s pathways are determined by experience. These connections are made only through experiences and stimulation from the environment.
Early experiences lay the groundwork for lifelong learning and behavior. Taking full advantage of this explosion of brain development that takes place during these early years will continue to benefit your child for years to come.
Optimizing Early Brain and Motor Development through Movement. Carl Gabbard, Ed.D., and Luis Rodriguez.
Physical Nurturing: Gross Motor Activities in Early Childhood. Angela Oswalt, MSW, Natalie Staats Reiss, Ph.D and Mark Dombeck, Ph.D